The main concern of this dissertation is how to reconcile Islamic ideals with the political realities of a particular society at any given time. The relationship between religion and politics in Islam is addressed as a major problem in Islamic political thought.
A variety of solutions proposed by various Muslim political thinkers to this problem are analyzed, so as to show the continuity and change in the development of Islamic political thought and to provide a groundwork for the examination of an attempt by Indonesian Muslims--as exemplified by an overtly non-political organization, the Muhammadiyah--to solve the problem within the Indonesian political and cultural contexts in the New Order period (1965-to the present).
It is argued that the Muhammadiyah's solution to the problem reflects the symbiosis between Islam and politics in the pre-modern and modern paradigms. Yet, the nature of the Muhammadiyah' s symbiosis tended to change in accordance with its structural transformation and the dynamic of Indonesian politics.
It is shown that Indonesian politics, which essentially constitutes competition between "politicized Islam" and "non-politicized Islam", has, under the New Order's regime, included a depoliticization of Islam bringing political defeat to the former. But the Islamic movements' change in orientation, from politicization to cultural absorption into Islam, and the emergence of growing Islamic intellectualism are seen to have paved the way to an Islamic cultural revival.
It is suggested that this process has also been advanced by the regime's need to coopt Islam, and the exercising of a new mode of Islamic polity: allocative politics. The Muhammadiyah's allocative politics has shown significant achievements, yet some problems still exist. The prospects for this "repoliticization" of Islam depends greatly on the Muhammadiyah's ability to solve those problems.
|School:||University of California, Los Angeles|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 52/06, p. 2171, Dec 1991|
|Subjects:||Religion, Political science|
|Publication Number:||AAT 9134054|
|Document URL:||http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=747390531&sid=1&Fmt=2&cli entId=48051&RQT=309&VName=PQD|
|ProQuest document ID:||747390531|