This dissertation seeks to elucidate the underlying factors that prompted the emergence of the Muhammadiyah, one of the most influential reformist movements in Indonesia. Unlike the commonly-held scholarly opinion which suggests that the main factor of the birth of the Muhammadiyah was either the spread of Islamic reformist ideas from the Middle East to Indonesia in the early years of the twentieth century or as a response to the long history of ideological antagonism within Javanese society, the dissertation argues that there was another factor of equally great import that has suffered a degree of analytical neglect, namely, the deep penetration of the Christian missions into the country, and the great influence they exerted.
The dissertation also reveals that it is misleading to assume that because the Muhammadiyah sought to create a "purer" Islam in Indonesia, purging religious syncretism, it should be regarded as a puritanical movement affiliated with the Wahhabi reform movement of Saudi Arabia. The Muhammadiyah, in fact, possesses a sophisticated amalgam of characteristics corresponding to its diverse goals, which underwent changes in response to the needs of the time.
|Advisor:||Ayoub, Mahmoud M.|
|School Location:||United States -- Pennsylvania|
|Source:||DAI-A 56/09, p. 3616, Mar 1996|
|Subjects:||Religion, History, Religious history|
|Publication Number:||AAT 9600080|
|ProQuest document ID:||741208571|