Sunday, May 28, 2017

Review: The Crescent Arises over the Banyan Tree

Review: The Crescent Arises over the Banyan Tree: A Study of the Muhammadiyah Movement in a Central Javanese Town, c. 1910s–2010 by Mitsuo Nakamura

Reviewed Work: The Crescent Arises over the Banyan Tree: A Study of the Muhammadiyah Movement in a Central Javanese Town, c. 1910s–2010 by Mitsuo Nakamura
Review by: Daniel Andrew Birchok
No. 101 (April 2016), pp. 121-125
DOI: 10.5728/indonesia.101.0121
Stable URL:
Page Count: 5

Sunday, May 21, 2017

Muhammadiyah vs. Mammon: The Economic Trials and Tribulations of an Islamic Modernist Mass Organization in Indonesia (1990s–2000s)


The emergence of Commercialized Islam is seen as a significant development that illustrates how Muslim societies adapt to modern capitalism. This chapter examines a seldom-studied side of this process through the case of one of Indonesia’s oldest and largest Muslim organizations, Muhammadiyah. In the 2000s, this modernist organization that until then was mainly concerned with education, health and charitable activities, attempted to develop a business sector. The chapter illustrates how the organization faced severe conflict between ethical values stemming from the socio-religious sphere and instrumental rationality implied by business practices. It is argued that these axiological tensions were amplified by the organizational dynamics of Muhammadiyah. This process shows the various ways through which an Islamic moral economy is emerging in the Muslim world.
  • GwenaĆ«l Njoto-Feillard
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Southeast Asian Studies (CASE)CASE, a joint research center of CNRS-EHESS-InalcoParisFrance

Thursday, May 11, 2017

Islamic Modernism and Architectural Modernism of Muhammadiyah’s Lio Mosque

A F Prajawisastra, T Aryanti Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia


The Muhammadiyah’s Lio Mosque is one of the masterpieces of Achmad Noe’man, the great Indonesian mosque architect. The mosque was built as a community mosque at the center of Muhammadiyah’s quarter in Garut, West Java, in conjuction with the construction of the district’s Muhammadiyah branch. Having a shape out of the existing grip, the mosque has neither a dome nor a tajug tumpang tiga (three-tiered pyramidal roof) like other mosques nearby, but instead uses a gable roof and minarets towering. This article aims to analyze the architecture of the Lio Mosque and to learn Achmad Noe’man’s interpretation of modernism, both Islamic modernism and architectural modernism, reflected in the mosque design. Employing a qualitative approach, this study used observation and interviews with the mosque’s stakeholders. This article argues that the ideology of modernism, believed by Achmad Noe’man and the Muhammadiyah organization, was embodied in the Lio Mosque architecture.

1st Annual Applied Science and Engineering Conference IOP Publishing IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 180 (2017) 012089 doi:10.1088/1757-899X/180/1/012089