Source: South East Asia Research, Volume 22, Number 1, March 2014 , pp. 73-86(14)
Publisher: IP Publishing Ltd
Abstract:What role do Muslim social and educational organizations play in Indonesian politics after democratization? When democratization opens up a larger political space for Islamic organizations to participate in politics, do Muslim organizations emerge as political powers or remain socio-religious organizations? How do Muslim organizations engage in electoral politics? This article addresses these questions by examining the role of Muhammadiyah in democratic Indonesian politics. The author argues that Muhammadiyah's political behaviour is driven by its institutional logic, which places its religious and social duties before its political interests. Although there have been attempts by some elites to take advantage of Muhammadiyah for their own political gains, Muhammadiyah has managed to refrain from building or supporting a particular political party at the organizational level. Moreover, political learning through unsuccessful outcomes in initial elections and bitter experience with PKS also alerted Muhammadiyah to the need to protect itself from partisan politics by emphasizing its organizational principle. This article also demonstrates how religious institutions use politics for religious ends and to confirm the integrity of their community.
Keywords: ELECTORAL MOBILIZATION; INSTITUTIONAL LOGIC; MODERNIST ISLAM; MUHAMMADIYAH; PARTISAN POLITICS; POLITICAL LEARNING
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2014