Saturday, November 5, 2011

Etos kerja dan perilaku ekonomi di kalangan NU dan Muhammadiyah

Mintarti. 2001. "Etos kerja dan perilaku ekonomi di kalangan NU dan Muhammadiyah."Sosiohumanika, 14 (3): 537-547.

This writing elaborates on finance institution (LKM) that has Muhammadiyah background which was founded with the aims to empower the economic condition of lower layer society. The open system of its membership opens the possibility that this institution recruites its members not only from the Muhammadiyah community, but from the NU as well. This system, although brings a positive result, also can cause several problems, especially in the organization. This is because the membership of this institution comprises of two different group of communities (Muhammadiyah and NU), receiving different version of Koran interpretation and indoctrination about the religious text of their parent organization. This fact causes the emergence of differences in the thinking pattern, the way of understanding problems, even the behavior among them. Based on those facts, the question emerges, that is, around their working ethos and economic behavior of the members of the LKM who have different organization background. This study basically is a qualitative research using a case study as its approach. The collected data analyzed using a descriptive interpretive qualitative method.

The result of this study showed that the members of LKM, both from Muhammadiyah and NU did not show significant difference in the case of their working ethos, economic behavior and participation in the institution activities. However, there were little "here and there' in differences between the two groups. The similarity was, for example, they believed working as a form of worship and as the command of God that should be conducted. The differences were, for example, the Muhammadiyah group gave the meaning to working in the way that showed an "activism" (religion is a social-praxis), meanwhile for the NU group, working was understood as a form of worship that should be conducted relently (men are merely doing it). This finding meant that the values brought about by Muhammadiyah and NU were merely one of factors that influenced the working ethos and economic behavior. Many more factors could influence those behaviors. That is why other studies on the similar topics are still required.

Keywords: working ethos, economic behavior.

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