Thursday, May 11, 2017

Islamic Modernism and Architectural Modernism of Muhammadiyah’s Lio Mosque

A F Prajawisastra, T Aryanti Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia


The Muhammadiyah’s Lio Mosque is one of the masterpieces of Achmad Noe’man, the great Indonesian mosque architect. The mosque was built as a community mosque at the center of Muhammadiyah’s quarter in Garut, West Java, in conjuction with the construction of the district’s Muhammadiyah branch. Having a shape out of the existing grip, the mosque has neither a dome nor a tajug tumpang tiga (three-tiered pyramidal roof) like other mosques nearby, but instead uses a gable roof and minarets towering. This article aims to analyze the architecture of the Lio Mosque and to learn Achmad Noe’man’s interpretation of modernism, both Islamic modernism and architectural modernism, reflected in the mosque design. Employing a qualitative approach, this study used observation and interviews with the mosque’s stakeholders. This article argues that the ideology of modernism, believed by Achmad Noe’man and the Muhammadiyah organization, was embodied in the Lio Mosque architecture.

1st Annual Applied Science and Engineering Conference IOP Publishing IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 180 (2017) 012089 doi:10.1088/1757-899X/180/1/012089

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